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Accumulation of cAMP and calcium in S49 mouse lymphoma cells following hyposmotic swelling.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Biological Chemistry
0021-9258
Publisher
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Publication Date
Volume
264
Issue
25
Pages
14735–14740
Identifiers
PMID: 2570067
Source
Medline

Abstract

Swelling of S49 "wild type" mouse lymphoma cells in hyposmolar medium was used to examine the effects of cellular deformation on cAMP metabolism. In S49 wild type mouse lymphoma cells incubated in a defined medium, progressive reductions in medium osmolarity of 5-50% resulted in proportionate expansion of cell volume. Increases in cell volume were accompanied by incremental increases in intracellular cAMP and calcium. These responses in S49 cells occurred rapidly, with increases in calcium concentration and cAMP content occurring within 1-2 min. Swelling of S49 cells in the absence of ions (hyposmolar versus normosmolar sorbitol) resulted in a significant accumulation of cAMP. Inclusion of papaverine or isobutyl methylxanthine amplified cAMP accumulation, and omission of calcium, sodium, or magnesium from the medium attenuated, but did not prevent accumulation of cAMP in S49 cells in response to swelling. Exposure to propranolol or nadolol attenuated the ability of swelling to increase cAMP concentration, while treatment with 2',5'-dideoxyadenosine or phentolamine had no effect on swelling-induced cAMP accumulation. It is concluded that cellular deformation of S49 wild type mouse lymphoma cells stimulates rapid accumulation of intracellular calcium and cAMP.

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