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Accident history, risk perception and traffic safe behaviour.

Authors
  • Ngueutsa, Robert1
  • Kouabenan, Dongo Rémi2
  • 1 a Laboratory GRePS , Groupe de Recherche en Psychologie Sociale (EA 4163), University Lumière Lyon 2 , Bron , France. , (France)
  • 2 b Inter-university Laboratory of Psychology (LIP-PC2S), University Grenoble Alpes , Grenoble Cedex 9 , France. , (France)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Ergonomics
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2017
Volume
60
Issue
9
Pages
1273–1282
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/00140139.2016.1259508
PMID: 27827567
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

This study clarifies the associations between accident history, perception of the riskiness of road travel and traffic safety behaviours by taking into account the number and severity of accidents experienced. A sample of 525 road users in Cameroon answered a questionnaire comprising items on perception of risk, safe behaviour and personal accident history. Participants who reported involvement in more than three accidents or involvement in a severe accident perceived road travel as less risky and also reported behaving less safely compared with those involved in fewer, or less severe accidents. The results have practical implications for the prevention of traffic accidents. Practitioner Summary: The associations between accident history, perceived risk of road travel and safe behaviour were investigated using self-report questionnaire data. Participants involved in more than three accidents, or in severe accidents, perceived road travel as less risky and also reported more unsafe behaviour compared with those involved in fewer, or less severe accidents. Campaigns targeting people with a less serious, less extensive accident history should aim to increase awareness of hazards and the potential severity of their consequences, as well as emphasising how easy it is to take the recommended preventive actions. Campaigns targeting those involved in more frequent accidents, and survivors of serious accidents, should address feelings of invulnerability and helplessness.

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