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The Acanthamoeba SBDS, a cytoskeleton-associated gene, is highly expressed during phagocytosis and encystation.

Authors
  • Wang, Yu-Jen1
  • Lin, Wei-Chen2
  • He, Ming-Shan3
  • 1 Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Clinical Laboratory of Tainan Municipal Hospital (Managed by Show Chwan Medical Care Corporation), Tainan, Taiwan. , (Taiwan)
  • 2 Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Department of Parasitology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Taiwan)
  • 3 Department of Ophthalmology, Buddhist Tzu Chi General Hospital, Hualien, Taiwan; Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan. , (Taiwan)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
Volume
54
Issue
3
Pages
482–489
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmii.2019.11.003
PMID: 31882330
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (SBDS) protein is widely present in eukaryotes from vertebrates to protozoa. However, there are several variants within species, and previous studies have shown evidence that they may have additional functions. There are two SBDS-related proteins in Acanthamoeba. One is an rRNA metabolism protein of the SBDS family (ACA1_142090), and the other is SBDS (ACA1_204560). Although there is a conserved SBDS domain in the Acanthamoeba SBDS (ACA1_204560; AcSBDS), its function has not been reported. The aims of this study were to characterize the expression of AcSBDS during phagocytosis and encystation. AcSBDS-specific primer was designed to amplify the genomic AcSBDS of Acanthamoeba ATCC-30010. The AcSBDS expression was examined using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunostaining after phagocytosis and encystation treatment. In this study, we found that the mRNA expression level of AcSBDS increased rapidly and that alternative splice variants were detected during phagocytosis and encystation processes. The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that the AcSBDS proteins accumulated surrounding phagocytosed bacteria. Our results suggest that AcSBDS may not only have ribosomal maturation features but also have cytoskeleton-associated functions related to phagocytosis and encystation. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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