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Abusive head trauma: Canadian and global perspectives

Authors
  • Biswas, Asthik1, 2
  • Shroff, Manohar M.1, 2
  • 1 University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada , Toronto (Canada)
  • 2 The Hospital for Sick Children, 555 University Ave., Toronto, ON, M5G 1X8, Canada , Toronto (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Pediatric Radiology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
May 17, 2021
Volume
51
Issue
6
Pages
876–882
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00247-020-04844-5
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

Canada has come a long way since Dr. C. Henry Kempe first described battered-child syndrome in 1962. The year 1999 was crucial in Canada’s battle against shaken baby syndrome/abusive head trauma (SBS/AHT), when the first national conference on the topic was held in Saskatoon. This was followed by the issuance of a national statement and multidisciplinary guidelines, recently updated in 2020. Incidence of AHT in Canada is similar to that found in population-based studies from Switzerland and New Zealand. The mainstay of prevention of AHT in Canada is education of parents and caregivers with respect to their response to infant crying. Population-based data for global incidence of AHT are lacking, largely because of social and cultural differences contributing to poor understanding of AHT as a medico-legal entity. India faces a distinct challenge in the battle against female feticide and infanticide.

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