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Abuse-specific self-schemas and self-functioning: a prospective study of sexually abused youth.

Authors
  • Feiring, Candice
  • Cleland, Charles M
  • Simon, Valerie A
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2010
Volume
39
Issue
1
Pages
35–50
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1080/15374410903401112
PMID: 20390797
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Potential pathways from childhood sexual abuse (CSA) to negative self-schemas to subsequent dissociative symptoms and low global self-esteem were examined in a prospective longitudinal study of 160 ethnically diverse youth with confirmed CSA histories. Participants were interviewed at the time of abuse discovery, when they were 8 to 15 years of age, and again 1 and 6 years later. Abuse-specific indicators of stigmatization, in particular the combination of shame and self-blame more than general self-blame attributions for everyday events, explained which youth with CSA histories experienced more dissociative symptoms and clinically significant levels of dissociation. Abuse-specific stigmatization was found to operate as a prospective mechanism for subsequent dissociative symptoms but not self-esteem.

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