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About the history of conflicts over urban forestry in Estonian towns

Authors
  • Sander, Heldur
  • Meikar, Toivo
Type
Published Article
Journal
Forestry Studies
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Mar 11, 2021
Volume
73
Issue
1
Pages
1–25
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/fsmu-2020-0011
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

The article explores conflicts related to forests and parks of Estonian towns from the Middle Ages to the 1940s. A brief overview is first given of the development of urban forestry in Estonia. There are also cases where the loss of urban forests and the related problems that arose could have led to conflicts, but for certain reasons they did not emerge. The main focus of the research is on Tallinn and its nearby island of Naissaare and, to a lesser extent, on the town of Haapsalu. The cases with the probability of conflict are described on the example of Tallinn, Tartu and Pärnu. It is apparent that conflicts or preconditions for their emergence were caused by various reasons, both at the state and town level where local authorities and ownership relations played their role. But the causes of the conflicts can also be traced to the wider clash between military and political causes, economic development and the general public.

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