# About the Dedekind psi function in Pauli graphs

- Authors
- Type
- Published Article
- Publication Date
- Dec 07, 2010
- Submission Date
- Dec 07, 2010
- Identifiers
- arXiv ID: 1012.1461
- Source
- arXiv
- License
- Yellow
- External links

## Abstract

We study the commutation structure within the Pauli groups built on all decompositions of a given Hilbert space dimension $q$, containing a square, into its factors. The simplest illustrative examples are the quartit ($q=4$) and two-qubit ($q=2^2$) systems. It is shown how the sum of divisor function $\sigma(q)$ and the Dedekind psi function $\psi(q)=q \prod_{p|q} (1+1/p)$ enter into the theory for counting the number of maximal commuting sets of the qudit system. In the case of a multiple qudit system (with $q=p^m$ and $p$ a prime), the arithmetical functions $\sigma(p^{2n-1})$ and $\psi(p^{2n-1})$ count the cardinality of the symplectic polar space $W_{2n-1}(p)$ that endows the commutation structure and its punctured counterpart, respectively. Symmetry properties of the Pauli graphs attached to these structures are investigated in detail and several illustrative examples are provided.