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Abnormal expansion of naïve B lymphocytes after unrelated cord blood transplantation--a case report.

Authors
  • Shono, Y
  • Toubai, T
  • Ota, S
  • Ibata, M
  • Mashiko, S
  • Hirate, D
  • Miura, Y
  • Umehara, S
  • Toyoshima, N
  • Tanaka, J
  • Asaka, M
  • Imamura, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical and laboratory haematology
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2006
Volume
28
Issue
5
Pages
351–354
Identifiers
PMID: 16999729
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A 33-year-old woman underwent unrelated cord blood transplantation (U-CBT) for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)-related secondary AML. She showed impressive increases in the number of CD19+ B cells in bone marrow and CD19+27-IgD+ B cells in peripheral blood from about 1 month to 3 months after U-CBT. The serum level of IL-6 temporarily increased after transplantation, and this increase seemed to be correlated with the expansion of CD19+ B cells. Although, compared with BMT, little is known about the kinetics of hematological and immunological reconstitution in U-CBT, there was initial B-cell recovery after CBT as some described. This B cell recovery may be associated with a high number of B-cell precursors present in cord blood (CB). The phenomenon of naïve B lymphocyte expansion that we found might be associated with a high number of B-cell precursors present in CB.

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