Progressive changes in the dorsolateral angles (DA) and ventral angle (VA) during elevation and convergence of the caudal neural folds were morphometrically analyzed in normal and dysraphic abnormal embryos of the mouse mutant vacuolated lens (vl), and correlations with the configuration of microfilaments in the apices of neuroepithelial cells were made by means of ultrastructural cytochemistry. In 22-28 somite stage abnormal (vl/vl) embryos, the DA and VA are larger than those in their normal counterparts at each comparable level of the caudal neural folds, suggesting that defective convergence involves both the DA and VA in this mutant. In 30-35 somite stage abnormal embryos, the VA is likewise larger than that in normal embryos in which the neural folds have converged and closed; however, the DAs are much smaller, indicating that a medial collapse of the dorsal ends of the neural folds may occur secondary to the closure failure. At the DA, the ultrastructural configuration of microfilaments is similar in abnormal and normal embryos in terms of their circumferential arrangement around the perimeters of the neuroepithelial cell apices. In abnormal embryos, however, the bundles of microfilaments are more delicate and less prominent than in normal embryos; thus it is possible that a quantitative and/or functional deficiency in these elements may be involved in the failure of the abnormal neuroepithelium to bend properly during convergence of the neural folds.