A number of antigenic hybrids of influenza A viruses were produced possessing either the hemagglutinin or the neuraminidase of fowl plague virus and the corresponding antigen derived from another influenza A virus. Other recombinants were obtained carrying both surface antigens of fowl plague virus but differing from the parent in certain biological properties. None of the recombinants isolated were pathogenic for adult chickens. Most recombinants obtained after crosses between reciprocal recombinants carrying both fowl plague virus surface antigens were also apathogenic for chickens. Using the same parent recombinants for double infection some of the progeny "back-recombinants" were pathogenic, whereas others were not. From these results it is concluded that the surface components do not by themselves determine the pathogenicity of influenza A viruses.