Aberrant glycosylation has been observed in many autoimmune diseases. For example, aberrant glycosylation of immunoglobulin G (IgG) has been implicated in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathogenesis. The aim of this study is to investigate IgG glycosylation and whether there is an association with rheumatoid factor levels in the serum of RA patients. We detected permethylated N -glycans of the IgG obtained in serum from 44 RA patients and 30 healthy controls using linear ion-trap electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LTQ-ESI-MS), a highly sensitive and efficient approach in the detection and identification of N-glycans profiles. IgG N-glycosylation and rheumatoid factor levels were compared in healthy controls and RA patients. Our results suggested that total IgG purified from serum of RA patients shows significantly lower galactosylation ( p = 0.0012), lower sialylation ( p < 0.0001) and higher fucosylation ( p = 0.0063) levels compared with healthy controls. We observed a positive correlation between aberrant N-glycosylation and rheumatoid factor level in the RA patients. In conclusion, we identified aberrant glycosylation of IgG in the serum of RA patients and its association with elevated levels of rheumatoid factor.