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School performance and parental choice of school : secondary data analysis. Reseasrch report, January 2014

Department for Education
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School performance and parental choice of school: secondary data analysis Research Report January 2014 Rebecca Allen - Institute of Education, University of London Simon Burgess and Leigh McKenna - Centre for Market and Public Organisation, University of Bristol 2 Contents List of figures 4 List of tables 4 Executive Summary 5 Introduction 5 Literature Review 6 Analysis 6 Results 7 Recommendations 8 1. Introduction 9 2. Literature review 11 a. Social inequalities in parental choice 12 b. Economic models of parental choice 13 i. Income constraint 13 ii. Different preferences for school quality 14 iii. Informational advantages 15 c. Qualitative sociological accounts of parental choice 16 d. Government interventions 19 i. Overcoming information deficits 19 ii. Overcoming income constraints 25 iii. Reforming school admissions policies 26 e. Concluding remarks 28 3. Analysis: Concepts, definitions and data 28 a. Modelling school choices 29 3 b. Definitions 30 c. Data 32 d. LA sample selection 32 4. Results 1: Identifying pupils with better apparently-feasible choices 33 a. How many students have better apparently-feasible choices? 33 b. Describing the pupils with better and feasible choices 34 5. Results 2: Implications of these choices 36 a. Modelling Decisions 37 b. Results 38 6. Conclusions 41 a. Summary of Evidence Review 41 b. Summary of our Data Analysis 41 c. Proposals 42 References 45 Tables and Figures 52 Annex 1 Tables defining ‘local’ schools 76 4 List of figures Figure 1 Panels A-F: Reassignment results: student-level outcomes 73 List of tables Table 1 Students attending a school despite the local presence of a higher performing school with spare capacity 52 Table 2 Local Authorities with highest fractions of such students 53 Table 3 Descriptive statistics for key variables 5

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