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Agricultural Dualism, Incidence of Child Labour and Subsidy Policies

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  • J13 - Fertility
  • Family Planning
  • Child Care
  • Children
  • Youth
  • J10 - General
  • O17 - Formal And Informal Sectors
  • Shadow Economy
  • Institutional Arrangements
  • D10 - General
  • Agricultural Science


This paper purports to examine the validity of the common belief that in a developing economy the backward agricultural sector should be subsidized as poorer group of the working population are employed in this sector that send their children out to work out of sheer poverty. A three-sector general equilibrium framework with agricultural dualism and child labour has been employed for the purpose of analysis. It finds that a price subsidy policy to backward agricultural sector is likely to aggravate the child labour incidence while a credit subsidy to advanced agriculture may be effective in reducing the gravity of the problem in the economy. The paper, therefore, questions the desirability of assisting backward agriculture for eradicating child labour in the society.

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