Abstract Spleen cells from mice bearing a progressively growing syngeneic tumor failed to respond to stimulation with mitogens in vitro. This lack of reactivity was due to the presence of nylon wool-adherent cells in the population that could inhibit the mitogen response of normal lymphocytes. Paradoxically, at times when strong suppressor cell activity could be detected in tumor-bearing mice, the animals responded normally to in vivo immunization with sheep erythrocytes and allogeneic tumors, and to in vitro sensitization with allogeneic tumor cells. Regression of a highly antigenic syngeneic tumor also was unaffected by the presence of these suppressor cells. Thus, the occurrence of nonspecific suppressor cells in the spleens of tumor-bearing mice did not influence the overall immunologic competence of these animals.