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Gastroschisis and intestinal atresia

Authors
Journal
Journal of Pediatric Surgery
0022-3468
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
26
Issue
7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0022-3468(91)90139-k
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Controversy exists over the best method of treating gastroschisis with concomitant intestinal atresia because the mortality in such patients is still high. We present our experience of 74 neonates with gastroschisis seen over a 17-year period. Four patients (5.5%) had intestinal atresia; 1 had only one small bowel atresia, 2 had double areas of atresia (one in the mid small bowel and the other in the proximal colon), and the remaining 1 had multiple areas of atresia. Atresia with gastroschisis conventionally has been treated by either primary anastmosis or by exteriorization. Three of the patients were treated by replacing the atretic bowel into the abdomen initially and exploring later (1 to 3 weeks) when the bowel appeared much more healthy, making the anastomosis easier and more secure. One patient with extreme jejunal dilatation was treated by creation of a Mikulicz fistula. All 4 of the patients survived the newborn period, but one of them died at 1 year of age due to total parenteral nutrition-induced chronic liver failure. Our experience is presented to emphasize this uncommonly used approach to this complex problem because it seems to be associated with a lower morbidity and mortality than other conventional approaches.

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