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Exchange of Employees, Prototypes and use of Electronic Media in Product Development Collaboration

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1 Capabilities for innovation: The Nordic model and employee participation Peter Nielsen❚❚ 1 Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Aalborg University, Denmark René Nesgaard Nielsen ❚❚ Associate Professor, Department of Business and Management, Aalborg University, Denmark Simon Grandjean Bamberger❚❚ PhD Student, Department of Occupational Health, Aalborg Hospital, Denmark Jørgen Stamhus❚❚ Associate Professor, Department of Business and Management, Aalborg University, Denmark Kirsten Fonager❚❚ Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Social Medicine, Aalborg Sygehus, Denmark Anelia Larsen❚❚ PhD, Outpatient Unit, Aalborg Psychiatric Hospital, Denmark Anker Lund Vinding❚❚ Chief Consultant, Department of Quality and Health, North Denmark Region, Denmark Pia Ryom❚❚ Leading Psychologist, Department of Occupational Health, Aalborg Hospital, Denmark Øyvind Omland❚❚ Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Health, Aalborg Hospital, Denmark ABStRAct Technological developments combined with increasing levels of competition related to the ongo- ing globalization imply that firms find themselves in dynamic, changing environments that call for dynamic capabilities. This challenges the internal human and organizational resources of firms in general and in particular their ability to develop firm-specific innovative capabilities through em- ployee participation and creation of innovative workplaces. In this article, we argue that national institutional conditions can play an enhancing or hampering role in this. Especially the norms and values governing relations between employers and employees are expected to be of vital impor- tance. This article will follow a resource-based perspective on developing dynamic capabilities in 1 Peter Nielsen, Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Aalborg University, Fibigerstræde 1, 29, 9220, Aalborg Ø, Denmark, [email protected], Phone: 9940 8196, Fax: 9815 5346 2 Capabilities for innovation Peter Ni

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