This paper resumes new philosophical readings of L.N. Tolstoy (1828-1910) in Croatian philosophy and marks the centenary of his death. The focal point of our interest is his „piety of thinking“ (philosophy) in pursuit of faith and, ultimately, of God. From the wealth of Tolstoy's writings on this topic, the author chooses two non-fictional pieces, one of which marks the beginning (Confession) and the other the end (Reply to the Synod's Edict on Excommunication) of his battle with God and his doubts about dogmatic Orthodox Christianity. The paper offers one of a variety of possible ways of grasping Tolstoy's theodicy within the framework of late 19th century Russian philosophy.