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D-branes and the Standard Model

Nuclear Physics B
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/s0550-3213(03)00256-6
  • Particle Physics
  • Philosophy
  • Physics


Abstract We perform a systematic study of the Standard Model embedding in a D-brane configuration of type I string theory at the TeV scale. We end up with an attractive model and we study several phenomenological questions, such as gauge coupling unification, proton stability, fermion masses and neutrino oscillations. At the string scale, the gauge group is U(3) color× U(2) weak× U(1) 1× U(1) bulk. The corresponding gauge bosons are localized on three collections of branes; two of them describe the strong and weak interactions, while the last Abelian factor lives on a brane which is extended in two large extra dimensions with a size of a few microns. The hypercharge is a linear combination of the first three U(1)'s. All remaining U(1)'s get masses at the TeV scale due to anomalies, leaving the baryon and lepton numbers as (perturbatively) unbroken global symmetries at low energies. The conservation of baryon number assures proton stability, while lepton number symmetry guarantees light neutrino masses that involve a right-handed neutrino in the bulk. The model predicts the value of the weak angle which is compatible with the experiment when the string scale is in the TeV region. It also contains two Higgs doublets that provide tree-level masses to all fermions of the heaviest generation, with calculable Yukawa couplings; one obtains a naturally heavy top and the correct ratio m b / m τ . We also study neutrino masses and mixings in relation to recent solar and atmospheric neutrino data.

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