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Synthesis and characterization of crosslinked poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(allylamine)/2-amino-2-hydroxymethyl-1,3-propanediol/polysulfone composite membrane for CO2/N2separation

Authors
Journal
Journal of Membrane Science
0376-7388
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
446
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.memsci.2013.06.052
Keywords
  • Polymeric Membrane
  • Characterization
  • Poly(Vinyl Alcohol)
  • Blended Amine
  • Co2Separation
Disciplines
  • Earth Science
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract This study reports novel CO2-selective crosslinked thin film composite poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA)/amine blend membranes, its structural characterizations and permeation studies. The characteristic properties of the active layer were examined with Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Effects of feed pressure, temperature, and sweep side water flow rate on transport properties (CO2 and N2 flux, CO2 permeability, and CO2/N2 selectivity) were investigated with a mixed gas stream containing 20% CO2 and 80% N2 by volume. The temperature, feed pressure and sweep side water flow rate were varied from 90 to 125°C, 1.7 to 6.2atm and 0.02 to 0.075cm3/min, respectively. The good miscibility properties, obtained from the blended amines with crosslinked PVA, allowed a thin selective dense layer to be formed on self-made porous PSf support, which displays both high selectivity and permeability. The maximum CO2/N2 selectivity of 260 and a CO2 permeability of 555 Barrer were obtained for the membrane with 14µm active layer thickness. Crosslinked PVA with blended amines membrane also exhibited a good stability during a 250h test.

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