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Emerging technologies for the control of hazardous wastes

Journal of Hazardous Materials
Publication Date
DOI: 10.1016/0304-3894(85)85007-x
  • Chemistry
  • Economics
  • Physics


Abstract Investigations were conducted of new and emerging technologies for the disposal of hazardous wastes. These methods involve new technologies or a recent variation on an established one. In addition, a survey was made of potential users of hazardous waste information. The need for a data base for emerging hazardous waste techonologies and/or a newsletter was evaluated. Information on the emerging technologies was acquired by computerized search, library searching, and personal contacts. The emerging technologies discussed include molten salt combution, fluidized bed incineration, high energy electron treatment of trace organic compounds in aqueous solution, the catalyzed wet oxidation of toxic chemicals, dehalogenation of compounds by treatment with ultraviolet (UV) light and hydrogen, UV/ chlorinolysis of organics in aqueous solution, the catalytic hydrogenation-dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and ultraviolet/ozone destruction. Theory, specific wastes treated, and economics are discussed. The major technologies investigated in details were molten salt combustion, fluidized bed incineration, and ultra-violet/ozone destruction. Among the waste treated by emerging technologies are PCBs, various Dioxins, pesticides and herbicides, chemical warfare agents, explosives and propellants, nitrobenzene, and hydrazine plus its derivatives. This document encompasses a target audience ranging from laymen to natural scientists. The information presented here was derived solely for application to hazardous wastes. Readers requiring more specific information about theory and the economics of start-up plus operating and maintenance costs for technologies that may by applied to a specific hazardous waste not discussed in this report are referred to the literature cited in this report and to documents about state-of-the-art situations for a particular technology.

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