Salmonella typhimurium can normally use glycine as a serine source to support the growth of serine auxotrophs. This reaction was presumed to occur by the reversible activity of the enzyme, serine transhydroxymethylase (E. C. 2. 1. 2. 1; L-serine: tetrahydrofolic-5, 10 transhydroxymethylase), which is responsible for glycine biosynthesis. However, this enzyme had not been demonstrated to be solely capable of synthesizing serine from glycine in vivo. The isolation and characterization of a mutant able to convert serine to glycine but unable to convert glycine to serine supports the conclusion that a single enzyme is involved in this reversible interconversion of serine and glycine. The mutation conferring this phenotype was mapped with other mutations affecting serine transhydroxymethylase (glyA) and assays demonstrated reduced activities of this enzyme in the mutant.