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Stress and People at Work: the Impact of Relocation

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Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Geography

Abstract

The present study involved a longitudinal survey of office workers whose departments either (1) relocated from one facility to another, (2) renovated or rearranged their existing facility, or (3) experienced no change in the location or arrangement of their offices. All groups were surveyed twice. The relocation groups completed a pre-move survey and a post-move survey that was administered approximately four to six months after the relocation. Non-relocation and office-renovation groups also were surveyed at two different times during the year (which roughly approximated the same testing intervals used for the relocation groups). Approximately 300 participants provided data relating to various aspects of employee health, productivity, and satisfaction with the work environment. As well, detailed assessments of the physical conditions within participants' offices were obtained (e.g., work station configurations and amenities; noise, lighting, temperature, and humidity levels). Health, productivity, and satisfaction differences between work groups experiencing various levels of environmental change were examined. Implications of the findings for the development of theoretical perspectives on peopleenvironment transactions are discussed.

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