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Syn-collisional peraluminous magmatism in the rio doce region: ineralogy, geochemistry and isotopic data of the Neoproterozoic urucum suite (eastern Minas Gerais state, Brazil)

Zeppelini Editorial
Publication Date
  • Granitoids
  • Peraluminous
  • Geochemistry
  • Isotopic Data
  • Neoproterozoic
  • Chemistry
  • Earth Science


The Urucum Suite granitoids (Rio Doce region, southeastern Brazil) contains four main facies: megafeldspar granites, deformed medium- to coarse-grained granites, tourmaline, and pegmatitic facies. They intrude both the staurolite-garnet-muscovite-biotite schist of the São Tomé Formation (Rio Doce Group) and the Galiléia metaluminous suite (596 ±4 Ma). Detailed structural studies suggest that the Urucum Suite emplaced during an important dextral strike-slip movement (Dl phase) of the Brasiliano orogeny (650-450Ma). Modal and chemical mineralogical variations suggest an evolution from the megafeldspar facies to the pegmatitic facies. Whole-rock geochemistry indicates the peraluminous character of the Urucum Suite granitoids, the evolution from the megafeldspar facies granites to pegmatitic facies granites and suggests the syn-collisional character of this suite. U-Pb zircon (582 ± 2 Ma) and monazite (576-573 ± 4Ma) data indicate that the Urucum Suite emplaced during the Brasiliano orogeny. The peraluminous nature of the Suite and isotopic-rich character in the Rb-Sr (87Sr/86Sr = 0.7114 to 0.7165) and Sm-Nd (eNd = -7.4 and -8.2) systems indicate that it formed by partial melting of older intermediate to felsic crustal sources. Based on early Proterozoic model-ages (2.3 to 1.8 Ga) and on 2.0 Ga U-Pb inherited signature, granitoids of the Suite are probably derived from a rocks with a long crustal residence (Transamazonian basement), without extensive mantle contribution.

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