Abstract This article is concerned with Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) and whether it is a viable alternative to coronary artery bypass surgery. In context, the author notes the restrictions necessary in patient selection and takes this into account with the final results and conclusions. Throughout the article, the nursing care necessary for patients undergoing PTCA is examined. The actual procedure is explained and the theories on how it is beneficial are stated. There is a short examination of drugs used and greater time spent on potential complications. Follow-up care of these patients is also given.