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Use of HIT for adverse event reporting in nursing homes: Barriers and facilitators

Authors
Journal
Geriatric Nursing
0197-4572
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
34
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2012.10.003
Keywords
  • Patient Safety
  • Nursing Homes
  • Event Reporting
  • Barriers
  • Health Information Technology

Abstract

Abstract Background & objective Approximately 8 million adverse events occur annually in nursing homes (NHs). The focus of this research is to determine barriers and health information technology (HIT)-related facilitators to adverse event reporting among U.S. NHs. Methods Surveys were returned by 399 nursing home administrators using a mailed survey approach. Respondents were asked to report on their adverse event reporting processes focusing on barriers and role of HIT facilitators. Results About 15% of NHs had computerized entry by the nurse on the unit and almost 18% used no computer technology to track, monitor, or maintain adverse event data. One-third of nursing directors conducted data analysis “by-hand.” NHs without HIT were more likely to not be accredited (p = 0.04) and not part of a chain/corporation (p = 0.03). Two of the top three barriers focused on fears of reporting as a barrier. Conclusions This study found numerous barriers and few HIT-related facilitators to assist with adverse event reporting. Improvements in facilitating adverse event reporting through the use of HIT approaches may be warranted.

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