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The platelet P2 receptors in arterial thrombosis

Authors
Journal
Blood Cells Molecules and Diseases
1079-9796
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
36
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bcmd.2005.12.024
Keywords
  • Haemostasis
  • Thrombosis
  • Adp
  • Atp
  • P2Y1
  • P2Y12
  • P2X1
  • Antiplatelet Drugs
  • Clopidogrel
Disciplines
  • Biology

Abstract

Abstract ADP and ATP play a crucial role in hemostasis and thrombosis and their receptors are potential targets for antithrombotic drugs. The ATP-gated channel P2X 1 and the two G protein-coupled P2Y 1 and P2Y 12 ADP receptors selectively contribute to platelet aggregation. Due to its central role in the formation and stabilization of a thrombus, the P2Y 12 receptor is a well established target of antithrombotic drugs like clopidogrel which has proved efficacious in many clinical trials and experimental models of thrombosis. Competitive P2Y 12 antagonists have also been shown to be effective in experimental thrombosis as well as in several clinical trials. Studies in P2Y 1 and P2X 1 knock-out mice and experimental thrombosis models using selective P2Y 1 and P2X 1 antagonists have shown that, depending on the conditions, these receptors could also be potential targets for new antithrombotic drugs. Since both P2X 1 and P2Y 1 receptor inhibition result in milder prolongation of the bleeding time as compared to P2Y 12 inhibition, the idea is put forward that combination of P2 receptor antagonists could improve efficacy with diminished hemorrhagic risk. However, further studies are required to validate such a point of view.

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