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THE DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF A MULTISPAN FLUID-CONVEYING PIPE SUBJECTED TO EXTERNAL LOAD

Authors
Journal
Journal of Sound and Vibration
0022-460X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
239
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1006/jsvi.2000.3119
Disciplines
  • Engineering
  • Mathematics

Abstract

Abstract Instead of the “functional” mode shapes (defined by the admissible, comparison or eigen-functions) employed by the classical assumed mode (or modal analysis) method, the lowest several “numerical” (or vector) mode shapes and the associated natural frequencies of a “non-periodic” multispan pipe with the prescribed supporting conditions and filled with the “stationary” fluid (with velocity U=0) are determined by means of the transfer matrix method (TMM). Using the last mode shapes together with the natural frequencies and incorporating with the expansion theorem, the partial differential equation of motion for the infinite degree-of-freedom (d.o.f.) continuous multispan pipe filled with “flowing” fluid (with U≠0) is converted into a matrix equation. Solving the last matrix equation with the direct integration method gives the dynamic responses of the fluid-conveying pipe. Since the order of the transfer matrix for either each pipe segment or the entire piping system is 4×4, which is independent of the number of the spans for the system, the presented approach is simpler than the existing techniques, particularly for the piping systems with large number of spans. It is also noted that the classical assumed mode (or modal analysis) method is easily applicable only to the special cases where the functions for the approximate mode shapes are obtainable, such as the “single-span” beams or the “periodical” multispan beams (with identical spans and identical constraints). However, the presented “numerical” (or vector) mode method is suitable for many practical engineering problems.

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