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Multi-colored immunochromatography using nanobeads for rapid and sensitive typing of seasonal influenza viruses

Authors
Journal
Journal of Virological Methods
0166-0934
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
209
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jviromet.2014.08.025
Keywords
  • Influenza Viruses
  • Immunochromatography
  • Nanobead
  • Diagnosis
Disciplines
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Immunochromatography (IC) is an antigen-detection assay that plays an important role in the rapid diagnosis of influenza viruses because of its rapid turnaround and ease of use. Despite the usefulness of IC, the limit of detection of common IC kits is as high as 103–104 plaque forming units (pfu) per reaction, resulting in their limited sensitivities. Early diagnosis within 24h would provide more appropriate timing of treatment. In this study, a multi-colored NanoAct™ bead IC was established to detect seasonal influenza viruses. This method has approximately 10-fold higher sensitivity than that of colloidal gold or colored latex bead IC assays, and does not require specific instruments. More notably, NanoAct™ bead IC can distinguish influenza A and B viruses from clinical samples with a straightforward readout composed of colored lines. Our results will provide new strategies for the diagnosis, treatment, and a chance to survey of influenza viruses in developing countries and in the field research.

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