Abstract A novel and sensitive sandwich electrochemical biosensor based on the amplification of magnetic microbeads and Au nanoparticles (NPs) modified with bio bar code and PbS nanoparticles was constructed in the present work. In this method, the magnetic microspheres were coated with 4 layers polyelectrolytes in order to increase carboxyl groups on the surface of the magnetic microbeads, which enhanced the amount of the capture DNA. The amino-functionalized capture DNA on the surface of magnetic microbeads hybridized with one end of target DNA, the other end of which was hybridized with signal DNA probe labelled with Au NPs on the terminus. The Au NPs were modified with bio bar code and the PbS NPs were used as a marker for identifying the target oligoncleotide. The modification of magnetic microbeads could immobilize more amino-group terminal capture DNA, and the bio bar code could increase the amount of Au NPs that combined with the target DNA. The detection of lead ions performed by anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV) technology further improved the sensitivity of the biosensor. As a result, the present DNA biosensor showed good selectivity and sensitivity by the combined amplification. Under the optimum conditions, the linear relationship with the concentration of the target DNA was ranging from 2.0 × 10 −14 M to 1.0 × 10 −12 M and a detection limit as low as 5.0 × 10 −15 M was obtained.