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An Input-Output Analysis of Employment Structure in Turkey 1973-1990.

  • Economics


The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the 1980 liberalization program on the structure of sectoral employment in Turkey. 1973 is a representative year for the inward looking import substitution era (1960-1979) and 1990 for the export promotion era (1980-). We use semi-closed demand-side and supply-side input-output models to compare the employment generation degrees of the industries in the two periods. Employment linkages indicate that form 1973 to 1990 there has been a significant overall fall in terms of employment generation. Moreover, contrary to expectation the outcome of the 1980 program has been the emergence of services with banking being a leader in employment generation.

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