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A singular finite element for Stokes flow: The stick–slip problem

Authors
Journal
International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids
0271-2091
Publisher
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Physics

Abstract

Abrupt changes in boundary conditions in viscous flow problems give rise to stress singularities. Ordinary finite element methods account effectively for the global solution but perform poorly near the singularity. In this paper we develop singular finite elements, similar in principle to the crack tip elements used in fracture mechanics, to improve the solution accuracy in the vicinity of the singular point and to speed up the rate of convergence. These special elements surround the singular point, and the corresponding field shape functions embody the form of the singularity. Because the pressure is singular, there is no pressure node at the singular point. The method performs well when applied to the stick–slip problem and gives more accurate results than those from refined ordinary finite element meshes.

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