Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Student-, classroom-, and school-level risk factors for victimization

Authors
Journal
Journal of School Psychology
0022-4405
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
51
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsp.2013.02.002
Keywords
  • Victimization
  • Peer Relations
  • Contextual Risk
  • Classroom Norms
  • Teacher Attitudes
  • Multilevel Modeling
Disciplines
  • Ecology

Abstract

Abstract The purpose of this study was to simultaneously investigate student-, classroom-, and school-level risk factors for victimization. Both peer nominations and students' self-reports of victimization were utilized. The sample consisted of 6731 Finnish elementary school students (3386 girls and 3345 boys) nested in 358 classrooms in 74 schools. The participants were from Grades 3, 4, and 5 (mean age 11years). The results of multilevel analyses indicated that there was considerable variability in, and distinctive risk factors associated with, both peer- and self-reported victimization at all the three levels investigated. Social anxiety and peer rejection synergistically predicted victimization at the student level. At the classroom level, negative social outcome expectations of defending the victim were associated with an increased risk of a student being bullied. Victimization was also common in classrooms and schools where students perceived their teachers to have less disapproving attitudes toward bullying. Furthermore, the effects of the student-level predictors were found to vary across classrooms, and classroom size moderated the effects of social anxiety and peer rejection on victimization. By identifying the risk factors at the multiple levels, and looking into cross-level interactions among these factors, research can help to target interventions at the key ecological factors contributing to victimization, making it possible to maximize the effectiveness of interventions.

There are no comments yet on this publication. Be the first to share your thoughts.

Statistics

Seen <100 times
0 Comments

More articles like this

Reducing bullying and victimization: student- and...

on Journal of abnormal child psyc... January 2015

Student victimization at school.

on The Journal of school health August 1996

Exploration of Student and School Factors Influenc...

on Asian Journal of Education Jan 01, 2013

Victimization of students with autism spectrum dis...

on Research in Autism Spectrum Di...
More articles like this..