Abstract Following injection of rats with CdCl 2 and [ 75Se]selenite using five different protocols, the metallothionein-like proteins (MTLPs) of kidney and liver cytosols were fractionated by Sephadex G-75 gel filtration and DEAE Sephacel ion-exchange chromatography. Cd and 75Se distribution in gel-filtration elution profiles was influenced mainly by the time that elapsed between administration of these elements and by the sequence of their administration. There was no Cd redistribution to high molecular weight proteins after long-term Cd injection when rats were killed 48 hr after 75Se injection. Cd was redistributed from MTLP to high molecular-weight in the liver when Cd and 75Se were injected within 1–3 hr of each other. Incorporation of 75Se into MTLP of kidney and liver was independent of Cd injection. The strength of 75Se binding of MTLP was comparable to the covalent binding of 75Se to glutathione peroxidase. Cd and 75Se did not share binding sites on MTLP. In ligand-exchange studies, 1000 ppm Cd did not displace 75Se from MTLP, but 2% 2-mercaptoethanol displaced 10% of the presumably nonspecifically bound 75Se from kidney and liver MTLP. This study provides new information regarding the apparent covalent binding of Se to low molecular-weight, Cd-containing proteins in kidney and liver.