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Updation of the scale to measure socio-economic status in urban & rural communities in India

The Indian Journal of Medical Research
Medknow Publications
Publication Date
  • Correspondence
  • Economics


Sir, We have earlier developed a reliable and valid instrument for assessment of socio-economic status (SES) of households/individuals in urban as well as in rural areas of the country1. This scale1 has seven domains to assess socio-economic status namely House, Material possession, Education, Occupation, Monthly income, Land, and Social participation & Understanding. All seven profiles were equally weighted, each having a maximum score of 10. The score range (0-70) was categorized into five groups based on Central Government city compensatory allowance rules for each category of cities. The scale classifies the subjects into five types of SES categories i.e. Upper, Upper-middle, Middle, Lower-middle and Lower class. The scale was found to be highly reliable with a co-relation coefficient of 0.998 and the applicability of the scale was tested for its concurrent validity through field trial and was found to be of high degree. In the last five years, this scale has been used on a total sample of 6935 subjects both from urban and rural areas in studies carried out in the Department of Geriatric Mental Health, C.S.M. Medical University, Lucknow, and was found to be an effective tool. Besides this, the scale is being used all across the country by various individual researchers/Institutes in their research activities/study programmes, etc2–10. Over the past five years, there have been significant changes in the socio-economic matrix of the country, which necessitated modification and updation of the scale to make it use worthy. A provision for such updation every five years has been kept in the scale. The following updation is proposed with adequate rationale. There is no change in basic structure of the scale and thus the reliability and validity are not affected. House profile Land area: According to the Housing Policy, Govt. of Uttar Pradesh, 20 to 25 per cent land area has been decreased for the same category of house (LIG, MIG, etc.) in vie

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