Abstract In two series of rats, the concentration of carnitine in plasma was 39.9 and 37.8 μmol/ liter, in skeletal muscle tissue 2.97 and 3.26 μmol/g dry wt and the urinary excretion 3.2 and 2.4 μmol/24 h. The renal clearance of carnitine was calculated to 88 and 76 ml/24 h. L-[ Me- 14C]Carnitine and DL-[ Me- 14C]carnitine have been administered to rats. Only labeled l-carnitine has been found on chromatographic analysis of plasma, urine, and muscle tissue. The specific radioactivity of carnitine in plasma, urine, and muscle tissue has been followed for up to 16 days. A two-compartment metabolic model has been used to interpret the result of the experiment with labeled l-carnitine and the rate constants and compartment sizes have been calculated. The total body content of carnitine was 57 μmol (about 35 μmol/100 g body wt) and the daily turnover was about 7% of the body pool. The daily synthesis of carnitine in the rat is estimated to about 2 μmol/100 g body wt.