It has been shown that the diagnosis of ocular Toxocara canis is highly accurate when the typical clinical findings are associated with a positive ELISA titer in the serum of 1:8 or greater. The inflammatory reaction in this disorder can be devastating and not infrequently leads to a tractional detachment of the posterior pole or a rhegmatogenous detachment and/or a progressive cyclitic membrane leading to phthisis bulbi. We have recently performed vitreoretinal surgery on 17 patients with complications secondary to ocular T canis. Fifteen patients had stability or improvement in visual acuity, and one patient had a decrease in visual acuity. There were no surgical complications present. The clinical features, operative techniques used, and postoperative course are summarized, and the indications for the use of various surgical procedures are presented.