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Roles of intraloops-2 and -3 and the proximal C-terminus in signalling pathway selection from the human calcium-sensing receptor

FEBS Letters
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2014.07.022
  • Calcium-Sensing Receptor
  • G-Protein Coupled Receptor
  • Biased Signalling
  • Phosphatidylinositol-Specific Phospholipase-C
  • Adenosine 3′
  • 5′-Cyclic Monophosphate
  • Erk1/2


Abstract The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) couples to signalling pathways via intracellular loops 2 and 3, and the C-terminus. However, the requirements for signalling are largely undefined. We investigated the impacts of selected point mutations in iL-2 (F706A) and iL-3 (L797A and E803A), and a truncation of the C-terminus (R866X) on extracellular Ca2+ (Ca2+o)-stimulated phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase-C (PI-PLC) and various other signalling responses. CaSR-mediated activation of PI-PLC was markedly attenuated in all four mutants and similar suppressions were observed for Ca2+o-stimulated ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Ca2+o-stimulated intracellular Ca2+ (Ca2+i) mobilization, however, was relatively preserved for the iL-2 and iL-3 mutants and suppression of adenylyl cyclase was unaffected by either E803A or R866X. The CaSR selects for specific signalling pathways via the proximal C-terminus and key residues in iL-2, iL-3.

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