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Chiral quark dynamics in dense nuclear matter

Authors
Journal
Nuclear Physics A
0375-9474
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
581
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/0375-9474(94)00471-x
Disciplines
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

Abstract

Abstract We consider a new approach to the description of dense nuclear matter in the framework of chirally symmetric, quark-based hadron models. As previously in the Skyrme model, the dense environment is described in terms of hyperspherical cells of unit baryon number. The intrinsic curvature of these cells generates a new gauge interaction for the quark fields which mediates interactions with the ambient matter. We apply this approach to the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model, construct its curved-space quark propagator and solve the ladder Bethe-Salpeter equation for the pion. We find a high-density phase transition to chiral restoration, discuss the density dependence of the chiral order parameter and of the pion properties, and compare with results of the conventional chemical-potential approach. The new approach can additionally describe baryon-density-free cavities in the dense medium.

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