The g-tensor orientation of the chemically reduced Rieske cluster in cytochrome bc1 complex from Rhodovulum sulfidophilum with respect to the membrane was determined in the presence and absence of inhibitors and in the presence of oxidized and reduced quinone in the quinol-oxidizing-site (Qo-site) by EPR on two-dimensionally ordered samples. Almost identical orientations were observed when oxidized or reduced quinone, stigmatellin, or 5-(n-undecyl)-6-hydroxy-4,7-dioxobenzothiazole was present. Occupancy of the Qo-site by myxothiazole induced appearance of a minority population with a substantially differing conformation and presence of E-β-methoxyacrylate-stilbene significantly reduced the contribution of the major conformation observed in the other cases. Furthermore, when the oxidized iron–sulfur cluster was reduced at cryogenic temperatures by the products of radiolysis, the orientation of its magnetic axes was found to differ significantly from that of the chemically reduced center. The “irradiation-induced” conformation converts to that of the chemically reduced center after thawing of the sample. These results confirm the effects of Qo-site inhibitors on the equilibrium conformation of the Rieske iron–sulfur protein and provide evidence for a reversible redox-influenced interconversion between conformational states. Moreover, the data obtained with the iron—sulfur protein demonstrate that the conformation of “EPR-inaccessible” reduction states of redox centers can be studied by inducing changes of redox state at cryogenic temperatures. This technique appears applicable to a wide range of comparable electron transfer systems performing redox-induced conformational changes.