Summary Agents considered to alter cAMP accumulation in bone cells were evaluated for their effectson protein production and sugar incorporation by bone cells. Total protein production or mannose incorporation by cells and in media were measured by the amount of radioactivity incorporated into trichloroacetic-acid precipitable fractions. Incorporation of radioactive leucine into the cellular and secreted proteins was linear over 5h; radioactive mannose incorporation was linear only up to 2 h. Cells were also incubated with selected agents and radioactive mannose or leucine for 2 h. Addition of parathyroid hormone (PTH), isoproterenol or dibutyryl cAMP to osteoblasts resulted in a significant increase in mannose incorporation; dibutyryl cGMP and butyric acid had no effect on mannose incorporation. None of the agents altered total protein production. Thus PTH stimulates mannose incorporation into osteoblasts and this effect is, at least in part, modulated by cAMP.