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Jacquier et Bourchany, La Résurrection de Jésus Christ. Les Miracles. Evangéliques, Conférences Apologétique, Lecoffre, Paris, 1911.

Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Zagreb; [email protected]


actaAdriat47(1).indd An unusual nine-ocellated common torpedo, Torpedo torpedo (Linnaeus, 1758) (Chondrichthyes: Torpedinidae), from southern France Christian CAPAPÉ*, Olivier GUÉLORGET, Yvan VERGNE and Jean-Pierre QUIGNARD Laboratoire d’Ichtyologie, Case 104, Université Montpellier II, Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, 34095 Montpellier Cedex 05, France * Corresponding author, e-mail: [email protected] A nine-ocellated Torpedo torpedo, caught off the Languedoc coast in southern France (northern Mediterranean) is described in this paper. This is the greatest number of ocellae recorded to date in this species. Key words: Chondrichthyes, Torpedinidae, Torpedo torpedo, Languedoc, northern Mediterranean INTRODUCTION Three torpedinid species are recorded off the coast of Languedoc (southern France, northern Mediterranean; QUIGNARD et al., 1962): the marbled torpedo, Torpedo marmorata (Risso 1810), the black torpedo, T. nobiliana (Bonaparte 1835), and the common torpedo, T. torpedo (Linnaeus 1758). The first species is abundantly and frequently landed. In contrast, the other two are rarely observed. Torpedo torpedo is generally distinguished from T. marmorata and T. nobiliana by the occurrence of five characteristic large eye- spots or ocellae on the dorsal surface. Different numbers of ocellae were described by CAPAPÉ & DESOUTTER (1981) in specimens caught in Tunisian waters. They counted none to eight ocellae, but mostly five. Recent records of common torpedos off the coast of Languedoc report on a specimen having nine ocellae. This specimen is herein described and compared with specimens having five and six ocellae, that were caught in the same area. DESCRIPTION OF THE SPECIMENS The three specimens were caught by gill-net on sandy bottoms at depths of 10-20 m off the coast of Languedoc between Sète and Palavas (Fig. 1). They are preserved in the Ichthyological Collection of the Laboratoire d’Ichtyologie of the Université Montpell

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