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THE GORNJA BISTRA AND THE BISTRANSKI KRAJ (SURROUNDING AREA) VERNACULAR

Authors
Publisher
KAJKAVIAN PARLIAMENT - Association for Promotion of Science and Arts; [email protected]
Publication Date
Keywords
  • Ključne Riječi: Bistra
  • Kajkavsko Narječje
  • Dijalektologija
  • Key Words: Bistra
  • Kajkavian Dialect
  • Dialectology
Disciplines
  • Linguistics

Abstract

Summary The paper puts forth an analysis of the phonological, and partly the morphological systems of the Kajkavian dialect spoken at Gornja Bistra and the surrounding area (situated at the foot of the Medvednica hill, some twenty kilometers from Zagreb). It is on the subject of the Kajkavian vernacular belonging to the old, conservative group of vernaculars (preserving the basic Kajkavian accentuation); the one belonging to the središnjozagorski (central Zagorje) dialect; - according to the more recent division of the Kajkavian dialect.It is a vernacular that besides being characteristic for its triple accentuation system and for retaining the metatonic circumflex, also has the following characteristic reflexes of the initial, Early Croatian vowels: equated jat and šva resulted with diphthong ie in the long syllable (at the same time there is the diphthong uo in the position of the long o in the vowel system), the close ẹ in the short syllable, and the back nasal ǫ and the syllable-creating l in the long syllable resulted with diphthong ou, and the close ọ in the short one.The vernacular is also characteristic for the final o being replaced by the close ẹ. The noun declination is characteristic for its lack of syncretism, i.e. retaining older endings in the dative, locative and instrumental plural cases., morf-root/syllable+ending me in the present tense 1st person plural, and many other linguistic characteristics, most of which link Bistra with the wider Kajkavian dialect area.

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