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Comparison between Greenland Ice-Margin an Ice-Core Oxygen-18 Records

Authors
Publisher
International Glaciological Society
Publication Date
Disciplines
  • Ecology
  • Geography

Abstract

Old ice for palaeoenvironmental studies retrieved by deep core drilling in the central regions of the large ice sheets can also be retrieved from the ice-sheet margins. The delta(18)O content of the surface ice was studied at 15 different Greenland ice-margin locations. At some locations, two or more records were obtained along closely spaced parallel sampling profiles, showing good reproducibility of the records. We present ice-margin delta(18)O records reaching back to the Pleistocene. Many of the characteristic delta(18)O variations known from Greenland deep ice cores can be recognized, allowing an approximate time-scale to be established along the ice-margin records. A flowline model is used to determine the location on the ice sheet where the margin ice was originally deposited as snow. The Pleistocene-Holocene delta(18)O change at the deposition sites is determined by comparing the delta(18)O values in the ice-margin record to the present delta(18)O values of the surface snow at the,deposition sites. On the northern slope of the Greenland ice sheet, the Pleistocene Holocene delta(18)O change is about 10parts per thousand in contrast to a change of 6-7parts per thousand at locations near the central ice divide. This is in accordance with deep ice-core results. We conclude that delta(18)O records measured on ice from the Greenland ice-sheet margin provide useful information about past climate and dynamics of the ice sheet, and thus are important (and cheap) supplements to deep ice-core records.

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