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Modern processes of waste formation and aspects of their minimazing

Publication Date
  • Waste Generation
  • Metal Shavings
  • Recycling
  • Disposal
  • Life Cycle Of Waste
  • Minimization
  • Udc 655.3.022
  • відходоутворення
  • металева стружка
  • рециклінг
  • утилізація
  • життєвий цикл відходів
  • мінімізація
  • отходообразование
  • металлическая стружка
  • рециклинг
  • утилизация
  • жизненный цикл отходов
  • минимизация
  • Ecology


The paper analyzes modern waste generation processes, which require systematization aimed at their minimization at the early stage of developing the new technological processes and improving the efficiency of waste disposal. To solve these problems it is necessary to focus on the ratio of technological parameters associated with waste generation, and to explore their cause-effect relations. Metal, glass, plastic, paper and cardboard are the most commonly used among the variety of recycled materials. Metal and glass can be recycled numerous times, while plastic, paper and cardboard - only two or three times, because they lose their essential properties and their structure changes greatly. There is a so-called expediency threshold, a break-even-point - the point at which profits from using raw material is equal to the difference between the costs on recycling and waste disposal. In case of exceeding this figure recycling becomes inexpedient and its technical limits will be conditioned by different reasons. The purpose of this review paper is selecting the forecasting criteria, allowing waste minimization in modern technological processes of metal working and increasing the ecological compatibility of printed products.

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