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Analysis of the microcrystalline inclusion compounds of triclosan with β-cyclodextrin and its tris-O-methylated derivative

Authors
Journal
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
0731-7085
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
80
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpba.2013.02.033
Keywords
  • Inclusion Compounds
  • Trimeb
  • β-Cd
  • Antimicrobial Activity
  • Environmental Bacteria
Disciplines
  • Biology
  • Earth Science
  • Ecology
  • Geography
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine

Abstract

Abstract Solid 1:1 inclusion compounds of triclosan with native and permethylated β-cyclodextrin (β-CD and TRIMEB) were prepared by co-crystallisation and co-evaporation, respectively, and studied by FT-IR and 13C{1H} CP/MAS NMR spectroscopies, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction and theoretical calculations. Results showed that triclosan inclusion into TRIMEB afforded an amorphous solid, whilst β-CD·triclosan is composed of microcrystals belonging to two different phases. In the phase featuring larger crystals, X-ray diffraction was carried out and the β-CD host units, packing head-to-head in infinite channels, were refined; the geometry for the included but highly disordered triclosan molecules was assessed by theoretical calculations. The bacterial growth inhibitory action of the inclusion compounds was studied in comparison to that of pure triclosan on Gram-negative (Salmonella, Escherichia) and Gram-positive strains (Bacillus, Listeria, Enterococcus and Staphylococcus) typically associated with human pathologies, and also on environmental bacteria isolated from different soil and water sources. The antimicrobial activities obtained in the present work showed that, of the two CD hosts, TRIMEB brings the most favourable carrier effect: it reduced the toxicity of triclosan against some of the environmental strains and afforded slightly higher action against virulent strains.

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