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Intercomparison betweenIn Situand AVHRR Polar Pathfinder-Derived Surface Albedo over Greenland

Authors
Journal
Remote Sensing of Environment
0034-4257
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
75
Issue
3
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/s0034-4257(00)00179-6
Disciplines
  • Computer Science

Abstract

Abstract The Advanced Very High Resolution (AVHRR) Polar Pathfinder (APP) data provides the first long-time series of consistent, calibrated surface albedo and surface temperature data for the polar regions. Validations of these products have consisted of individual studies that analyzed algorithm performance for limited regions and or time periods. This article reports on comparisons made between the APP-derived surface albedo and that measured at 14 automatic weather stations (AWS) around the Greenland ice sheet from January 1997 to August 1998. Results show that satellite-derived surface albedo values are on average 10% less than those measured by the AWS stations. However, the station measurements tend to be biased high by about 4% and thus the differences in absolute albedo may be less (e.g., 6%). In regions of the ice sheet where the albedo variability is small, such as the dry snow facies, the APP albedo uncertainty exceeds the natural variability. Further work is needed to improve the absolute accuracy of the APP-derived surface albedo. Even so, the data provide temporally and spatially consistent estimates of the Greenland ice sheet albedo.

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