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ENERGY UTILIZATION IN GROWTH | Growth: Environmental Effects

Elsevier Inc.
DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-12-374553-8.00223-9
  • Ammonia
  • Competition
  • Current
  • Dominance
  • Food Quality
  • Food Quantity
  • Growth
  • Growth Compensation
  • Oxygen
  • Ph
  • Predation
  • Prey Size
  • Salinity
  • Shoaling
  • Temperature
  • Ecology
  • Geography


Abstract Abiotic and biotic environmental factors can affect growth and determine how much of the genetic potential for growth is realized. Temperature acting as a controlling factor of growth, oxygen as a limiting factor, and salinity as a masking factor may be the most important abiotic identities, but interactions between these, in addition to factors such as water current, can have measurable effects. Food is a major biotic factor determining growth, with both quantity and quality relevant. The presence of conspecifics and heterospecifics can modify growth rates because of effects on food consumption and activity through competition or predation.

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