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ANALISIS KOMPONEN HARGA OBAT

Authors
Publisher
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan
Keywords
  • Health
  • Kesehatan
  • Drug Cost Component

Abstract

ANALISIS KOMPONEN HARGA OBAT Sriana Aziz*, Rini Sasanti H. *, Max J. Herman* ABSTRACT ANALYSIS OF DRUG COST COMPONENT Drugs play an important role in a health service system and in Indonesia drug prices are higher compared to other developing countries. In controlling drug prices, information about drug price determinants as well as an analysis of the possibility of lowering drug prices through them are needed. A retrospective study on drug price determinants was been carried out at 20 drug manufactures in West and East Java. Samples were taken purposively according to capital investment status and items produced. Data were collected through questionnaire to be analysed statistically. Results show that sales growth between the year of 1993-1 996 was about 14-156%, average machine capacity was 61% in 1996 and marketing cost was about 10-25% of the selling price. There was a significant correlation between sales growth and machine capacity as well as promotion cost, but no signiJicant one with production cost and drug pricing policy. PENDAHULUAN A. Latar Belakang GBHN tahun 1993 mengamanatkan bahwa dalarn Pelita VI penyediaan obat dan alat kesehatan hams makin merata dengan harga terjangkau oleh rakyat banyak, ditingkatkan melalui pengembangan industri peralatan kesehatan dan industri farrnasi yang makin maju dan mandiri, serta didukung oleh industri bahan baku obat yang handal melalui penguasaan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologil). Dewasa ini diperkirakan 80% nilai obat yang beredar digunakan oleh 30% penduduk perkotaan dengan biaya dari masyarakat sendiri, dan 70% penduduk di pedesaan Indonesia mempunyai keter- gantungan yang besar terhadap obat sektor Pemerintah khususnya obat lnpresl). Industri farmasi adalah salah satu perusahaan yang mempunyai keuntungan besar dan masuk dalam peringkat satu atau dua di Amerika. Pendapatan industri farmasi di Amerika pada tahun 1960 sekitar 2 1-26% dibandingkan dengan perusahaan lain sekitar 13%.

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