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Isolation of cellulose fibers from kenaf using electron beam

Authors
Journal
Radiation Physics and Chemistry
0969-806X
Publisher
Elsevier
Volume
81
Issue
8
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.radphyschem.2011.10.010
Keywords
  • Kenaf
  • Electron Beam
  • Irradiation
  • Pulp
  • Cellulose Fiber
  • Alkali Cooking

Abstract

Abstract Cellulose fibers were isolated from a kenaf bast fiber using a electron beam irradiation (EBI) treatment. The methods of isolation were based on a hot water treatment after EBI and two-step bleaching processes. FT-IR spectroscopy demonstrated that the content of lignin and hemicellulose in the bleached cellulose fibers treated with various EBI doses decreased with increasing doses of EBI. Specifically, the lignin in the bleached cellulose fibers treated at 300kGy, was almost completely removed. Moreover, XRD analyses showed that the bleached cellulose fibers treated at 300kGy presented the highest crystallinity of all the samples treated with EBI. Finally, the morphology of the bleached fiber was characterized by SEM imagery, and the studies showed that the separated degree of bleached cellulose fibers treated with various EBI doses increased with an increase of EBI dose, and the bleached cellulose fibers obtained by EBI treatment at 300kGy was separated more uniformly than the bleached cellulose fiber obtained by alkali cooking with non-irradiated kenaf fiber.

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