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Plant Kinand Koutchannels: Approaching the trait of opposite rectification by analyzing more than 250 KAT1–SKOR chimeras

Authors
Journal
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
0006-291X
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
332
Issue
2
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.04.150
Keywords
  • Potassium Channel
  • Rectification
  • Yeast Complementation
  • Chimera
  • Site-Directed Mutagenesis

Abstract

Abstract Members of the Shaker-like plant K + channel family share a common structure, but are highly diverse in their function: they behave as either hyperpolarization-activated inward-rectifying (K in) channels, or leak-like (K weak) channels, or depolarization-activated outward-rectifying (K out) channels. Here we created 256 chimeras between the K in channel KAT1 and the K out channel SKOR. The chimeras were screened in a potassium-uptake deficient yeast strain to identify those, which mediate potassium inward currents, i.e., which are functionally equivalent to KAT1. This strategy allowed us to identify three chimeras which differ from KAT1 in three parts of the polypeptide: the cytosolic N-terminus, the cytosolic C-terminus, and the putative voltage-sensor S4. Additionally, mutations in the K out channel SKOR were generated in order to localize molecular entities underlying its depolarization activation. The triple mutant SKOR-D312N-M313L-I314G, carrying amino-acid changes in the S6 segment, was identified as a channel which did not display any rectification in the tested voltage-range.

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